The Atlantic Forest Trail is a trail of more than 4,000 km that runs through the entire Serra do Mar and a stretch of the Serra Geral, between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul. The trail has its northern limit in the State Park do Desengano (RJ) and extends to the canyons of the Aparados da Serra National Park (RS).
Inspired by the North American Appalachian Trail, the trail crosses more than 130 protected areas, several traditional communities and indigenous lands and joins historic trails, such as Caminho do Itupava (PR), Caminhos do Mar (SP), Caminho de Mambucaba (SP / RJ) and the Petrópolis-Teresópolis and Lumiar-Sana (RJ) crossings. Winding through mountains and beaches, the trail also passes through the landscapes of Santa Catarina Island (SC), Ilha do Mel (PR), Ilhabela (SP) and Ilha Grande (RJ).
The Atlantic Forest Path is much more than a trail, it is an initiative that integrates mountaineering and ecotourism to promote local development and conservation of biodiversity in one of the most threatened biomes in the world.
The project is divided into four components:
1. Implementation of the Trail
The first component of the project is the implementation of the trail itself, including the definition of the route, training of volunteers and partners to manage and signal the trail. The path of each stretch is defined in a participatory manner with the involvement of managers of the conservation units, mountaineers, volunteers and local partners. Training events and local meetings are disseminated through social networks (follow @caminhodamataatlantica)
3. Production chain
Component 3 brings together actions aimed at strengthening local initiatives, aiming at generating job and income opportunities and alternatives for more sustainable use of the Atlantic Forest. Partners who provide services to hikers receive publicity and support the maintenance of the trail and volunteer work. The disclosure of partner service providers along the Way also helps the hiker to plan his activities, with information on accommodation, transportation, guidance and other forms of support for his adventure.
2. Engagement and volunteering
Component 2 involves volunteer engagement actions, including all dissemination of the proposal and strategies for mobilizing and organizing project volunteers. Voluntary activities are carried out by local nuclei, often in joint efforts, with the support of regional coordinations.
4. Research and conservation
The proposal of the Research and Conservation Component is to identify priority areas for the protection and recovery of ecological corridors along the entire Path, including Serra do Mar and Serra Geral.
Partner researchers are forming a network of experts to propose and carry out large-scale monitoring actions along the entire trail, which may indicate effects of climate change along the latitudinal and altitudinal gradients. The movements of medium and large mammals among the large remnants also help to identify where fauna corridors still exist and where it is necessary to recover the forest. Measures such as the protection of springs and riparian forests, encouraging the recovery of areas of legal reserve or the implementation of agroforestry systems can be local solutions to a problem that threatens the entire biome.
locais para um problema que ameaça todo o bioma.